The Gateway of Borobudur Temple
Pawon Temple or Brajanalan Temple is one of the Buddhist Temple founded by the Sailendra dynasty in the seventh century. However, the specific time of development is unknown because there is no strong data to support it. Furthermore, According to Casparis, Pawon Temple is a storage place for the ashes of King Indra (782 – 812 AD), the father of King Samaratungga of the Sailendra Dynasty. Pawon, according to the local people, comes from the word pawuan which means a place to store awu (ash). Inside of Pawon Temple, it is estimated that there was a statue of Bodhisattva. It was a symbol of honour to the Indra King. Moreover, Experts argued that Pawon Temple is the gateway of Borobudur Temple, where the people purify the body and mind from the defilements.
The Architecture of Pawon Temple
The material of Pawon Temple is andesite stone. The temple is square, with its sides 10 m long, and has a height of 13.3 m. Architecturally the temple has three parts. Those are foot, body, and roof of the temple. The foot of the temple is 1.5 mm high. At the foot of this temple there are some ornaments, such as flowers and tendrils. In the body of the temple, we can see Bodhisattva statues while stupas are on the top of the temple. Basically, the ornaments and architecture of the temple are similar with the others Buddha temples such as Mendut and Borobudur Temple.
The location of the Temple is in Borobudur Village, Borobudur District, Magelang Regency, Central Java Province. It is exactly 1750 meters from Borobudur Temple and 1.150 m from Mendut Temple. Its location is on between Borobudur Temple and Mendut Temple. These three temples are located in a straight line where Pawon Temple is the midpoint of the three temples. Located about 1 hour drive from Yogyakarta, the easiest way to get there is to join Yogyakarta Borobudur Tour Package or rent a car or motorbike.
Nearby Places of Interest
- Souvenir Shops
- Parking Area
- Food Stalls
- Drink Stalls